The british central bank has brought its new 50-pound note into circulation. On the back side of the bills the mathematician alan turing is shown. The new banknote is made of a plastic on polymer base, which makes the bills more long than paper money. Already from this material are the 5-, 10 and 20 pound note. On them winston churchill, jane austen and william turner are pictured, on the front always konigin elisabeth II.
Turing is a major mathematician who has a tremendous influence on our life today said governor mark carney of the bank of england in the bletchley park, where turing had cracked the enigma code of the germans in world war II. On the british banknotes, the most important people were gorgeed, turing is one of them. He was the father of computer science and have created the basics of artificial intelligence. He also be a war hero. "Turing is a giant on whose shoulders so many now."
The bank of england had decided in 2018 that the next 50-course note – the first with this nominal value made of plastic on polymer base – should be dedicated to science. To a call 227.299 nominations for 989 appropriate personal information. The selection committee selected from these zwolf, among which the governor concludes for turing, describes the bank of england.
Pardoned by the queen
Alan turing was pursued in 1952 because of the homosexuality forbidden in the UK. He lost his status as a mystery and could no longer work for the secret service GCHQ. To escape the prison, turing underwent a chemical castration. In 1954 he probably committed suicide as a result of this forced treatment. At the end of 2013, the konigin pardon.
The banknote adores a photograph of turing, which was made in 1951 in the fotostudio elliott fry in london; she is now part of the national portrait gallery in london. At the same time a table and mathematical formulas from turnings are to be groundbreaking "on computable numbers, with application to the dealing problem" from 1936. This essay is based as the basis for computer science.
"This is just a taste of .."
In the background of the back of the 50-pound note, the automatic computing engine (ACE) is mapped when turing had worked on the national physical laboratory after the war. The ACE was one of the first digital computers with electronic storage program. Further pictured is turing signature in the gastebook of bletchley park, in which he had worked during the second world war. There are also technical drawings for a machine designed by turing, with the enigma-capged messages have been cracked. In addition, turing will be on the banknote from an interview with the times of 11. June 1949 quoted: "this is just a taste of what will come, and only the shadow of what will be."
In addition to turing on the shortlist for the banknote: the first palaontologist mary anning, the co-agent of the quantum physics paul dirac, the biochemician rosalind franklin, the astronomers caroline herschel and her brother wilhelm, the biochemician dorothy hodgkin, the mathematician ada lovelace and charles babbage, physicist stephen hawking, the physicist james clerk maxwell, the mathematician srinivasa ramanujan, the physicist ernest rutherford and the biochemist frederick sanger.